Übungsaufgabe 3 – Active and Passive Voice
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Übungsaufgaben:


Active and Passive Voice,
Worksheet 2, 16 Exercises



1.The window was broken.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




2.Whenever my family went camping, the emergency flashlight was left behind.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




3.Marlon Byrd of the Chicago Cubs was knocked down by Alfredo Aceves with a hard, inside fastball.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




4.Fifteen oak seedlings were planted by Mrs. Vigil’s second grade class.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




5.Biological diversity is considered a crucial survival issue by Professor Edward O. Wilson of Harvard University.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




6.The cashier was commended by the branch manager for her tactful handling of an irate customer.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




7.The wet umbrella was removed from the table by the server.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




8.The police officer was angered by Jason when Jason refused to present his identification card.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




9.The 2010 – 2011 budget was not approved by the appropriations committee.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




10.The playground area was left in a shambles after the birthday party.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




11.Dirk Nowitzki was guarded by Lebron James during the third quarter of Wednesday night’s championship game.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




12.Five hundred pounds of illegal drugs were confiscated by the Coast Guard in January of 2011.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




13.Thirty-seven migrants were found by Homeland Security inside a small van trying to cross the border in the middle of the desert.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




14.The Toyota Prius is manufactured in Japan by Japanese workers.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




15.A bill to force state employees to contribute to the retirement plan was signed by Governor Rick Scott yesterday.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




16.Victor was given the science award by the selection committee for his outstanding project on salt-water intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.




Lösung:


Active and Passive Voice,
Worksheet 2, 16 Exercises



1.The window was broken.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Jim broke the window.


Teaching Tip:
Well, does the writer want to inform the reader about who broke the window? If so, then the active voice response works well. If not, then stick with the passive.


In general, though, the easiest sentence structure for speakers of English to understand is the Subject + Verb + Object (S + V + O) structure, where the subject is the doer of the action (the agent).

For the sake of simplicity and readability, writers should stick with the active voice unless they have a compelling reason to use passive.




2.Whenever my family went camping, the emergency flashlight was left behind.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Whenever my family went camping, my brother always forgot the emergency flashlight.


Teaching Tip:
In the original passive voice, the sentence focuses on the flashlight, while the active voice sentence focuses on “my brother.” It’s a matter of choice. The active voice response sounds more intimate and real than the passive voice, but that’s a subtle matter of opinion.




3.Marlon Byrd of the Chicago Cubs was knocked down by Alfredo Aceves with a hard, inside fastball.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Alfredo Acevez knocked down Marlon Byrd of the Chicago Cubs with a hard, inside fastball.


Teaching Tip:
Use active or passive voice, depending on the focus of the sentence.




4.Fifteen oak seedlings were planted by Mrs. Vigil’s second grade class.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Mrs. Vigil’s second grade class planted fifteen oak seedlings.


Teaching Tip:
When discussing young children, writers usually make the children the focus. Therefore, the active voice response works well here.




5.Biological diversity is considered a crucial survival issue by Professor Edward O. Wilson of Harvard University.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Professor Edward O. Wilson of Harvard University considers biological diversity a crucial survival issue.


Teaching Tip:
We could go either way with this sentence, but the focus really seems to be on Professor Edward O. Wilson. If that is indeed the case, then the active voice response works well. If not, then stick with the passive. Students may even replace “Professor Edward O. Wilson” with “prominent scholars.”


Passive Voice Response:
Biological diversity is considered a crucial survival issue by prominent scholars.




6.The cashier was commended by the branch manager for her tactful handling of an irate customer.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response (focus on branch manager):
The branch manager commended the cashier for her tactful handling of an irate customer.


Teaching Tip:
The original passive voice construction places the focus on the cashier. The active voice response places the focus on the branch manager. In fact students may opt to eliminate the agent in the original passive voice:


Passive Voice Response (eliminating the agent):
The cashier was commended by the branch manager for her tactful handling of an irate customer.




7.The wet umbrella was removed from the table by the server.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
The server removed the wet umbrella from the table.


Passive Voice Response (eliminating the agent):
The wet umbrella was removed from the table by the server.




8.The police officer was angered by Jason when Jason refused to present his identification card.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Jason angered the police officer when Jason refused to present his identification card.


Passive Voice Response (eliminating the agent):
The police officer was angered by Jason when Jason refused to present his identification card.




9.The 2010 – 2011 budget was not approved by the appropriations committee.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
The appropriations committee did not approve the 2010 – 2011 budget.


Passive Voice Response (preferred):
The 2010 – 2011 budget was not approved.


Teaching Tip:
Most readers won’t care who did not approve the budget. The issue, and therefore the focus of the sentence, is the 2010 – 2011 budget. In this case, the passive voice works better than the active.




10.The playground area was left in a shambles after the birthday party.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
The children left the playground area in a shambles after the birthday party.


Teaching Tip:
Again, most readers find it easier to understand a Sub. + Verb + Object structure (where the subject is the agent) than passive voice. The active voice response makes it clear who left the playground area in a shambles.




11.Dirk Nowitzki was guarded by Lebron James during the third quarter of Wednesday night’s championship game.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
LeBron James guarded Dirk Nowitzki during the third quarter of Wednesday night’s championship game.


Teaching Tip:
Unless the writer wants to focus on Dirk Nowitzki, there’s really no good reason to use the passive. The active voice is strong, clear, and easy to understand.




12.Five hundred pounds of illegal drugs were confiscated by the Coast Guard in January of 2011.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
The Coast Guard confiscated five hundred pounds of illegal drugs in January of 2011.


Teaching Tip:
The active voice construction is easier to read, but the passive puts the focus on the illegal drugs. What is the intent of the author?




13.Thirty-seven migrants were found by Homeland Security inside a small van trying to cross the border in the middle of the desert.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response (preferred — maybe):
Homeland Security found thirty-seven migrants inside a small van trying to cross the border in the middle of the desert.


Teaching Tip:
If the focus of the sentence is on the 37 migrants, then encourage students to leave the sentence in the passive voice. However, if the focus is on Homeland Security, then the active voice works better.




14.The Toyota Prius is manufactured in Japan by Japanese workers.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response (May not be the best choice.):
Japanese workers manufacture the Toyota Prius.


Passive Voice Response:
The Toyota Prius is manufactured in Japan by Japanese workers.


Passive Voice Response:
The Toyota Prius is manufactured in Japan by Japanese workers.


Teaching Tip:
The focus of the sentence seems to be on the car brand itself and not the nationality of the workers who manufacture it. Encourage students to think about the purpose of the sentence and choose active or passive voice depending on the focus. Sometimes the passive voice serves the rhetorical purpose of the writer better than the active voice.




15.A bill to force state employees to contribute to the retirement plan was signed by Governor Rick Scott yesterday.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Active Voice Response:
Yesterday, Governor Rick Scott signed a bill to force state employees to contribute to the retirement plan.


Revision:
Yesterday, Governor Rick Scott signed a bill that requires state employees to contribute to the retirement plan.


Teaching Tip:
The active voice response works well if the focus is on the governor; if the focus is on the bill, then students should leave the sentence in the passive voice. The revision “softens” the rhetoric somewhat by rephrasing “to force” into “that requires.” Students should determine what focus and tone they want to create through the different choices.




16.Victor was given the science award by the selection committee for his outstanding project on salt-water intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer.

Decide whether the sentence is in Active OR Passive Voice.


Passive Voice Response 1 (preferred):
Victor was given the science award by the selection committee for his outstanding project on salt-water intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer.


Passive Voice Response 2:
The science award was given to Victor by the selection committee for his outstanding project on salt-water intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer.


Active Voice Response (not really appropriate):
The selection committee gave Victor the science award for his outstanding project on salt-water intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer.


Teaching Tip:
Both passive voice constructions are better than the active voice because the passive voice puts the emphasis of the sentence on Victor OR on the award. That’s the correct focus. Active voice puts the focus on the selection committee, which is important, but not really the item of interest in most contexts




Quellenhinweis:
grammar-worksheets

https://www.grammar-worksheets.com/worksheets/an$wers/Active.Passive.Answers.Tips.pdf



Übungsaufgaben zu „Aktivsätze“ im Vergleich zu „Passivsätze“ / Using the Active versus the Passive Voice

HTTPS://STE-U-ERR-ECHT.COM/UEBUNG-16/

„Aktivsätze“ im Vergleich zu „Passivsätze“ / Using the Active versus the Passive Voice

HTTPS://STE-U-ERR-ECHT.COM/GRAMMAR/

Regelmäßige und Unregelmäßige Verben

HTTPS://STE-U-ERR-ECHT.COM/PARTIZIP/

Der by-agent in englischen Passivsätzen

https://ste-u-err-echt.com/by-agent/
Übungsaufgabe 3 – Active and Passive Voice

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